Seth Parker, International Farriery

    561-558-4766  Wellington, FL

 

 

 

 

   

 

         

 

   Here is a Jumper horse who suffered a tear to his deep digital flexor tendon. In consulting with his Veterinary team via Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital, I was able to get him back to where he needs to be. He was experiencing lameness and hesitation in bearing weight. His owner noticed that he was lifting his leg constantly and trying to reposition his weight. His Vet requested that we wedge him to reduce the lever pull on this tendon and I definitely thought this was the right approach. I welded this straight bar shoe to give him additional support with a soft leather pad. His owner noted the difference immediately and he is well on his way to recovery!

 

 

      

 

   Here is a Dressage Horse who presented with moderate lameness and problems making turns. His hooves were out of balance with overgrown bars, loss of hoofwall, and medial-wall and toe distortion. I trimmed him correctly and then shod him with an aluminum shoe and soft blue rim-pad by Soundhorse Technologies. This is a nail-less Kevlar cuff that is affixed to the hoof with an acrylic composite polymer. This application will stay on until I remove it. The cuff can even be dyed a variety of colors; here we selected black dye to match his hoofwall. He walked off feeling much better and he even made turns within moments of having the shoes on.

 

 

        

 

    Here is a Dressage Gelding that came to me with low and crushed heels. We call this long toe, low heel syndrome and it often causes lameness and ligament strain. I fitted him up in a custom welded Heart-Bar that allowed me to float the contracted, damaged heel. Floating is done to relieve weight and pressure in order to facilitate proper growth. I also used a soft grade silicone impression material to coat his frog and other heel. I drilled holes to seat in and rivet the impressions. This improved his angles immediately and his gait seemed less forced. He stayed  in this shoe for 2 cycles and then resumed his training in plain shoes upon recovery.

 

 

 

     

 

  This Grand Prix Jumper had hooves that were in serious need of help. He was dealing with an advanced case of White Line Disease. We were able to completely resect the broken hoof wall. This was done to remove all of the decayed hoofwall which is loaded with anaerobic bacterial spores. The bacteria will continue to erode and damage the hoofwall if left untreated. This is bad news for any horse, Grand Prix or otherwise! We  uncovered several deep pockets of bacteria that we exposed and treated. These hooves were then vapor soaked with oxidizing medication. I came back to debride & clean the hoofwall once again. Once we treated all of the bacteria we were able to repair the area with Vettec's Polyurethane "Adhere" since it adheres to the hoofwall. The owner was thankful and this big guy walked off sound as can be!

 

 

 

     

 

  As seen in the "before" Radiograph, this Horse suffered from lameness as a result of crushed and very sore heels. She was also wearing the wrong size shoe and suffered a ligament injury. When we met, I saw that she was not shod properly so I restored the angles and provided much needed heel support. I like to use Vettec's Sil-Pak soft impressions for some Therapeutic cases. It is very good at sealing out moisture and retaining it's soft, springy form. It sets into a perfect contour molding the precise cavity of the frog and sole. It pours in as a liquid and sets up as a soft silicone. I sometimes use this system under shock absorbing pads as seen in the photo on the right. After the ligament healed, this horse was able to return to the arena for training! Her owner says she is riding beautifully!

 

 

 

       

 

   This Dressage Oldenburg is training at Grand Prix level, so it is imperative that we keep him going well. He sustained a collateral ligament tear, but has improved with this package. For this case, I was able to team up with Patrick Reilly, Chief of Farrier Services for UPenn's New Bolton Center. Reilly is a leader in laminitis research and known for his dynamic approach to therapeutic cases. As seen here, the Soundhorse glue-on cuff shoes feature a Kevlar cuff attached to an aluminum Morrison Roller shoe. They are named after developer and Hall of Fame Veterinarian, Dr. Scott Morrison of Rood & Riddle Equine Hospital. The design of these shoes feature specific angles of enhanced breakover to relieve stress on the hoof capsule. The cuff has been dyed black to match the hoofwall.

 

 

     

 

   This Horse was referred to me because she was experiencing an Emergency Acute Laminitic event which caused her coffin bone to begin sinking. After consulting with her Veterinarian, we teamed up on a therapeutic package aimed at immediate comfort and stability of the coffin bone. We used EVA Steward Clogs for comfort and shock absorption. The use of clogs is a preferred method by many Top Vets including Laminits expert & Hall of Famer, Dr. Stephen O'Grady who had consulted with the clinic and myself. I made custom modifications to the clog and we took impressions of the sole to engage the caudal area. This is done to relieve the toe and the inflamed lamina. The three nails were placed temporarily to prevent the clog from sliding forward during the application of Vettec adhesive which was used to build the hoofwall and secure the clog. This method was created by Renowned Farrier & Cornell Instructor, Steve Kraus of Cornell University.

 

 

 

     

 

   Here is a Prix St. George's Dressage Horse who suffers from High-Low Syndrome and tested positive for heel pain. All of the modifications we do are on-site and measured to be a precise fit for your horse. We will always refer to any available imaging such as radiographs to measure angles. This is fundamental in treating Sport Horses. As in this case, we used  custom welded HeartBar shoes to relieve the pressure of the heels and even the weight distribution. Many horses appreciate some form of weight unloading if they test positive. The use of a wedge was recommended by this client's Veterinarian because this horse is a unique case of High-Low. This horse has been going well. 

 

 

 

       

 

  Proper shoe fitting is one of the most important components of hoof care. This is a Hunter Pony that was referred to me. As you can see from the before picture, this hoof was struggling. Most of the growth is occurring at incorrect angles because the wrong shoe is warping the conformation of the hoof. This guy was actually wearing the wrong size and was fit in racing plates- the kind worn by Thoroughbred Racers, not Hunter ponies. This guy needed a wider branch and more material along the sides. The heels were buckling and this guy was in need of help. These pictures were taken the same day, after our first shoeing. The shape of the hoof is already coming into better focus!

 

 

 

       

 

  Here is a Hunter suffering from chronic laminitis. He was struggling with a broken coffin bone and p3 remodeling when we met. His lack of comfort was the biggest concern for us because his sole was almost convex. We had to artificially create sole depth on this guy, so we beveled his shoe and pad heavily. We also used both a matrix pour pad and a very thick leather pad to establish height and concavity to allow his sole and frog to be cupped and supported. We then did a very shallow pour of EquiPak CS for additional support to the area. This pour was only filled to the level of the rim pad to prevent sole pressure, but help stabilize the hoof capsule. The results were dramatic and practically overnight! His owner reports that he is doing so well and she hasn't seen him this happy in a very long time.

 

 

 

        

 

 Poor heel fitting is something I see often, especially in Hunter/Jumper horses. As you can see in the first picture, the inside and outside heels have no material to rest upon. They are hanging off on a ledge and it is creating pressure and soreness. This horse was in pain and definitely needs a shoe that is two sizes larger. Problems with shoe loss do not mean that a shoe should be fit too tight or shaped poorly. This will  eventually cause lameness and possible tendon strain. The best way to ensure that the heels and quarters will have coverage and room for expansion is to work with a professional farrier and make sure your horse stands well for fitting shoes, nailing, & securing clinches. This will give the best of both Worlds.

 

 

 

     

 

 This is another situation with poor heel fit. This horse reacted positive for caudal pain and his outside heel actually crushed out. To rehab his situation and get him comfortable again, we opted for a French Pad. This is a nice, soft leather pad that is custom cut to avoid covering his frog. We want to support the area, but we still want the frog to act as the concussion absorber and in wet season, this allows the groom to pick out the comissures, so this is a nice pad for that. I used a transparent material to trace the frog because the edges of the frog bowed outward and this will gave the exact  fit. This guy is doing much better in the French Pad!

 

 

    

 

  This Hunter came to me with a very bad case of Navicular syndrome and collapsed heels. He was previously in flat bar-shoes by another Farrier, but came up lame. After viewing his X-rays and working with his Vet and Trainer, I opted for a custom modified rolled toe shoe and used a therapeutic pad to restore his Negative Palmar Angle. This is one of the only situations that benefits from a wedge! I discussed this option with his Vet who agreed this was the next step since this horse did not do well in other therapeutic packages. His rider noted that he is going better than he has in years! He was given a focused support centered on his heels. This was key in getting him happy again. Stories like this mean a lot to me. I share them with my family because I'm proud to be able to help.

 

 

 

     

 

  This FEI Dressage Horse was completely unable to bear weight on one leg when I arrived to treat her. The X-rays indicated a rather severe laminitic event that caused major rotation of the coffin bone. I immediately relieved her toe and then I casted the hoof to provide support and reinforcement to the boney column. This will work to prevent the distortions often seen in chronic laminitis from the lamina separating away from the hoofwall. I provided a custom modified W-Bar shoe in which I cut the toe off a Heart-Bar to relieve the sensitive toe and lamina. I also beveled the edges to provide breakover assistance. This horse was able to bear weight. I evaluated him weeks later & he was walking sound & doing much better!

 

 

 

     

 

   This Horse was referred to me for complete hoofwall rebuilding. During his ride to South Florida, he suffered several areas of breakage along both sides of the wall. You can see the affected areas which can cause lack of balance, lameness, and even bacteria that may result in White Line Disease. After cleaning the area, I was able to restore the integrity of the hoof and apply an acrylic to repair the damage and maintain soundness. This gave us the ability to keep him going well in his Aluminum Jean-Marie Denoix shoes by Grand Circuit. He wears the shoes due to ligament injury and he's doing great. I consulted with his Farrier back home, he was pleased!

 

 

 

         
 

  This stallion experienced a case of acute Laminitis due to unnatural stress on her right front resulting from an injury. This is known as compensatory laminitis! As a side note, a helpful veterinary diagnostic is the use of thermal imaging because it is more sensitive than other methods of temperature reading. As shown in hues of white and red, there is intense inflammation of the lamina. I was able to affix shoes by using a urethane adhesive to leave the wall undisturbed. I coated her sole in a soft silicone, then casted over the hoof capsule lightly with Equicast for added protection. This cast still allows the hoof to flex naturally. The cast was removed in 3 weeks and this horse is doing much better. The laminitis has subsided without complications!

 

 

 

         

 

   Here is a Hunter Pony who had a fairly large toe crack when we first met. His previous farrier did not wish to attend to the crack and this likely complicated the issue because when we opened it up, we found that the track of bacteria ran deep into the hoof wall. We debrided the bacteria and then layed a coating of medication embedded in a silicone matrix. We then repaired the area using a technique learned from Pat Reilly, chief of Farrier Services for University of Pennsylvania.

 

 

     

 

 This Jumper also has a low-grade case of High-Low wherein his right hoof is at a lower angle than his left hoof. He is benefiting from a custom fit as each foot differs slightly in conformation and angle. The key to maintaining these horses is to use subtle differences. Trying to match these feet is a mistake since both feet differ in conformation. Here, we see that slight differences in his shoeing can accommodate his precise needs. Since his right hoof is low, we set his shoe back to alter his breakover and toe distortion. Also, it is important not to restrict the low hoof, which is fit full to allow for heel expansion. The high hoof is fit more closely and has a rolled toe for fluidity.

 

 

 

     

 

   Here is a Jumper who was rehabing from a coffin bone fracture from a few months prior. Initally, using radiographs, we set her breakover where it needed to be and gave her more comfort with a therapeutic shoe that was fully casted to reinforce stability to the coffin bone while healing. As the injury was closer to being healed, so we opted for shoe with medium-firmness sole material and shock absorbing pad which is depicted as the image on the right. This was a great package! She is now doing very well!

 

 

 

       

 

   Here is a Jumper Horse who has been diagnosed with arthritis and shoulder pain. He took some time off from Jumping because he seemed to be experiencing hesitation and difficulty landing. His imaging showed slight Navicular changes, but no soft tissue injuries. As a preventative plan, I recommended the Easywalker synthetic shoes and shock pads to change the angular distribution of weight. This helped unload the heels and after a few sessions, this horse is Jumping again! Our our next visit, we will be drilling and tapping the shoes for removable studs!

 

 

 

          

 

    Here is a Horse with a case of Caudal Heel Pain aka Navicular Syndrome. The owner was close to giving up before she hired me. Sometimes, people contact me and I often hear that they feel they've tried everything and are at the end of the road. I can respect that and I hate seeing any horse suffer, but if I think there is something I can do, I will make a plan of attack. I like to give every horse a very thorough work-up as not to overlook any unknowns and possible treatments. Knowing the full case history and having access to X-rays and MRI results is appreciated. Here, we were able to change this horse's entire shoeing package and the horse responded immediately. This guy is 100% sound and he is having a blast winning Halter classes and training! It is a proud moment for everyone!

 

 

 

          

 

    Here is a guy who was shod very poorly before I was called in. The yellow-keritinization from the coronary band is indicative of massive stress and contraction from being fit tight and without proper support. This is usually a frequent precursor to seeing quarter crack development or contracting of the heels. We were able to get this guy in the right direction before such damage by giving him the full and proper fit he needs. Heel contracture and a slender frog are to be expected. The after picture shows our progress at the second shoeing where our fit has already made a positive impact on the shape and conformation of this hoof. Also, the keritinization has stopped growing and we can now see healthy, white hoofwall growing down from the coronet.

 

 

 

         

 

    Here is another Horse who was shod poorly and he also experienced trauma as a result. Here, you can see a deep growth ring was sustained. Horizontal lines on the hoofwall are a serious warning because the hoof is a barometer for the health of the horse. Any dietary stress, lack of minerals, laminitic events, and mechanical disturbances caused by trauma or contracting of the hoof itself are all possible reasons for line formation. As you can see in the third picture, I elected to fit this guy full meaning you can see the additional steel hugging the sides and quarter for extra support. This is done to allow room for expansion. I shod this guy and then he returned up North!

 

 

       

 

    Here is a Dressage Gelding who has been doing really well in the arena since wearing Epona Synthetic shoes. He used to have some resistance during training, but has noticeably improved since having the flexible shoes. This shoe requires attachment by nailing and glueing, but provides added benefits. This is actually the same shoeing package as worn by Steffen Peters' horse, Ravel. You can read more about these two on the Epona Website. Steffen and Ravel won the World Dressage Masters here in Wellington and went to the 2012 Olympics in London!

 

 

 

             

 

   I wish I could have carried a better camera this day, but such is life! Here is a Warmblood Foal. She is 3 weeks old and had a flaccid deep digital flexor tendon which was causing her toes not to contact the ground. If this is left uncorrected, this has a potential of causing life-long conformational defects. This can and will predispose a horse to lameness. I corrected this by glueing on an Ibex 3rd Millennium Babi Cuff. I modified the cuff and removed the front plates to provide compensatory support to the back of the hoof. This put her limb in correct alignment and she wore the cuff for a month. She is sound and has good conformation thanks to this life changing and timely response!

 

 

 

     

 

    This Dressage Oldenburg is training at Grand Prix level, so it is imperative that we keep him going well. He sustained a collateral ligament tear, but has improved with this package. For this case, I was able to team up with Patrick Reilly, Chief of Farrier Services for UPenn's New Bolton Center. Reilly is a leader in laminitis research and known for his dynamic approach to therapeutic cases. As seen here, the Soundhorse glue-on cuff shoes feature a Kevlar cuff attached to an aluminum Morrison Roller shoe. They are named after developer and Hall of Fame Veterinarian, Dr. Scott Morrison of Rood & Riddle Equine Hospital. The design of these shoes feature specific angles of enhanced breakover to relieve stress on the hoof capsule. The cuff has been dyed black to match the hoofwall.

 

 

 

    

 

  These are the Soundhorse Series IIII glue-on cuffs, they are meant to be shaped and adhered to special shoe sizes and configurations. We can attach variety of shoes to be glued-on, such as Heart Bar, Z-Bar, shoes for very large feet and of course very small feet. My client needed an exceptionally small shoe size and he had a lot of hoofwall breakage when we met. He is worked everyday and we needed to make sure we could keep him in work and give his hooves a chance to regrow. For the Series III shoes, we adhere the shoe to the cuff and then we glue on this package to the hoof. The cuff is made of Kevlar and Spectra woven material, the same used by NASA. We dyed it dark grey to match the hoofwall. The shoe is set back to relieve the coffin bone and aid in breakover.

 

 

 

      

 

  This Pony also came on with a sudden case of Laminitis that was linked to Cushing's Syndrome. I was called in when she had already entered the stages of Chronic Founder which caused massive distortion as the toe separated from the lamina. To ease her and prevent further damage, I fit her with an Aluminum Equilibrium shoe and I rolled the toe of this shoe for increased breakover. I riveted an Aluminum Spider Plate which acts to engage the frog and relieve tension off the hoofwall and inner laminae. We selected a liquid pour pad to cushion the sole and frog, providing the greatest relief. This shoe package was then wrapped on for the Veterinarian to come and take post-trauma X-rays and make changes in the applied pressure. The Pony responded very well and we were able to downsize this package the following month.

 

 

 

   

 

 This guy was shod very tight and it resulted in contracted heel distortion and a horizontal stress ring. There was a lot of breakage along the wall because of the heels buckling under. As a farrier, we often hear phrases like "stand up the heels"  and "don't trim the heels, we want them to grow out". These are problematic statements. If the heels are not trimmed at a correct angle, they cannot grow out at a correct angle. This  will result in lameness and internal ligament/tendon injuries. Here, you can see that if you fit a hoof too tight and leave the heels to grow at  incorrect angles, they are lowering as they grow down and the toe is being pushed outward. That's exactly what we don't want! For this guy, I trimmed his toe and heels properly, fit him full, allowing heel expansion. He walked off happy! The "after" pic was taken the same day! The last pic depicts the second shoeing in which the horizontal stress ring is growing out and the heels are coming back to their correct angle. This hoof is no longer sloping downward as we have gained good vertical growth.

 

 

 

      

 

   Here is a high-low Stallion who was trimmed and shod incorrectly. Just look at the difference in his stance before and after I shod him correctly. His heels were buckling and his angles were severe. This horse was not at all overdue or neglected. He showed severe distortions with a broken back pastern axis. The heels were underslung and unbalanced. The toe was very long with inappropriate breakover. I shod him correctly and his angles improved dramatically as you can see in the after picture. The last picture shows the improvements made at the second shoeing cycle!

 

 

 

     

 

   Here is an up and coming Jumper who became laminitic due to metabolic causes. During the crisis, we worked closely with the attending Vet as they administered ice therapy and stem cell injections. I applied EVA clogs with silicone impressions and casting to give support. This is a method pioneered by Top Veterinarian, Dr. Mike Steward and supported by the Vet who is known Worldwide for his developments in Laminitis, Dr. Stephen O' Grady. This horse healed wonderfully after wearing clogs for a few short weeks. We gradually stepped him down to frog support with super soft pink silicone impressions. He is extra comfy and has resumed training!

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

 

 

 

                                                      

SETH PARKER, INTERNATIONAL FARRIER IN WELLINGTON

TELEPHONE NO.: 561-558-4766                           

EMAIL : Seth@ParkerFarrierService.com

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